Traffic laws in Spain are not so different from laws in other countries, but of course there are some local specialties. Let’s make a short review of principal distinctions.
First of all, it’s better to remember about numerous tourists driving here. Drive on the right-hand side of the road! Police here is very loyal to tourists the same we can say about local people but certainly a patience and understanding also have got their limits.
Be especially careful when approaching a roundabout. Traffic flows anti-clockwise round traffic circles and not clockwise as in the UK and other countries where driving is on the left. Give way to traffic already on the roundabout, on your left, unless signed otherwise. There’s usually a give-way sign (which may be painted on the road) on all roads approaching the roundabout. Bear in mind that what appears to be a roundabout isn’t always one, so check for “give way” or “stop” signs. Normally roundabouts have 2 lanes, you must only leave the roundabout from the outside lane. Most local drivers think that it is OK to exit the roundabout from the inside lane: it is not. If you are not able to get into the outside lane, then you should go round the roundabout again. One more dangerous moment — sharp turns on the mountain side road especially with the route of public or touristic buses. Be careful and keep in mind that you can meet on the tiny road a public bus. And if somebody try to overtake you, don’t warry and keep calm.
Also it’s useful to know rules for entering and leaving the motorway. If you need to enter the motorway you need to give way for all cars that already drive, there. As a rule, drivers on the motorway can facilitate your maneuver but indeed it’s not always so. So consider properly a current situation. Remember that you must to leave the motorway always from the right lane. And don’t occupy the left lane if the right lane is free, because actually it can be used only for overtaking.
Pay attention to signs on lanes indicating different directions or different cities because the traffic on lane can be channeled in a different direction. Permitted speed on the motorway is 120 km/h, but there are some parts with lower speed like 100km/h or 80 km/h, where usually you can see cameras. Speed limit in the city is 50 km/h. On normal ways cars are allowed to overtake at 20 km/h over the standard limit.
Headlamps must be used when driving at night, in poor visibility during daylight (in case of rain, snow, fog) and in tunnels or in part of roads and streets with a sign “tunnel”, in reversible lanes (additional lanes). During the day you don’t need to use headlamps. Motorcycles must use headlamps always even during the day.
Also it’s a little dangerous is leaving a parking reversing. Try to be careful and don’t hurry if you’ve got somebody to ask a help during reversing use this possibility. It’s more easy to prevent an accident than waste your time and patience if it’s already happened.
Parking is a problem here on the island. It’s no easy to find a free parking space sometimes especially during the day in the center of the city, but normally hotels and apartments have their own parking space. Unfortunately, local drivers can scratch your car parking their cars so here it’s not rare. The locals are known for disregarding nearly all parking rules so don’t make the same. Remember parking should be in the same direction as the traffic flow in one-way streets or on the right-hand side of roads with two-way traffic. Many parking places are very narrow and cars are invariably parked opposite garages making access even tighter. If someone blocks your car they will usually be shopping or working locally. On-street parking is free, no parking is indicated with yellow line or no parking signs. If the parking is private or paid you will see a sign or barrier.
The most common fines are driving under the influence of alcohol, exceeding of speed limit, illegally parking, not wearing of seat belts, using of phone without hands-free and breaking of rules in presence of police.
So driving on the island is safe and enjoyable if you follow the traffic rules and don’t break laws. And remember you always will find the road even if you pass your turn.